Coherences and Contingencies in the Reformed and Evangelical Theology: Dialectical Relation between Identity and Flexibility

Chandra Gunawan


Hermeneutics has an important role in the theological studies and has led many denominations, including the Reformed and evangelical churches, to re-evaluate how they should develop their theology in the postmodern context. This essay analyzes two characteristics of the early church namely her coherence and contingency and shows that the Reformed and Evangelicals should maintain these basic elements that she could be relevant to her contemporary without losing her identity. Contextual analysis and background analysis will help understand how the early church and fathers develop their theologies in their contexts. This study finds that hermeneutics is fundamental for theological schools in developing their subjects and for church ministries in educating her congregation; therefore, the Reformed and evangelicals should consider this discipline so that she enables properly re-contextualizing the historic tradition in this pluralistic context.




coherence; contingency; hermeneutics; early church; Reformed; Evangelicals; historic tradition; context

Full Text:



Ballard, P., and J. Pritchard. Practical Theology in Action. London: SPCK, 1996.

Baker. J. C. Paul the Apostle. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1980.

Barnett, P. The Birth of Christianity. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2005.

Bartholomew, C. “in front of the text,” in The Bible in Pastoral Practice. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2005.

Burger, Hans. Being in Christ. Eugene: Wipf & Stock, 2008.

Cressey, M. H. “Reformed/Presbyterian Churches,” DEM. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1991.

Dunn, J. D. G. Unity and Diversity. London: SCM, 1977.

Dunn, J. D. G. New Perspective on Paul. rev.ed. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2008.

Dunn, J. D. G. & J. P. Mackey. New Testament in Dialogue, BFT. London: SPCK, 1987.

France, R. T. “faith,” DJG. Illinois: IVP, 1992.

Ganzevoort, Ruard. “Forks in the Road When Approaching the Sacred,” 2009 (

Green, G. L. Global Theology. Downers Grove: IVP, 2012.

Green J. “The Challenge of Hearing the New Testament,” HNT. 2nd.ed. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2010.

Green, J. “Practice reading of New Testament.” HNT, 1st.ed. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1995).

Grudem, Wayne. “Do We Act as if We really Believe ‘that the Bible Alone, and the Bible in its Entirety, is the Word of God Written’?.” JETS 43/1 (March 2000), 6-12.

Gunton, C. E. The Promise of Trinitarian Theology, 2nd.ed. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1997.

Hiebert, P. G. Anthropological Insight for Missionaries. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1985.

Marshall, I. H. New Testament Theology. Downers Grove: IVP, 2004.

McGrath, A. E. Iustitia Dei. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

McGrath, A. E. Luther’s Theology of the Cross. Oxford: Blackwell, 1985.

Morris, L. “faith,” DPL. Downers Grove: IVP, 1993.

Seifrid, M. A. “Righteousness Language in Hebrew Scriptures and Early Judaism.” Justification and Variegated Nomism Vol. 1, WUNT 2.140. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2001.

M. Silva, M. & R. Kaiser. An Introduction to biblical Hermeneutics. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1994.

Stendahl, K. “The Apostle Paul and the Introspective Conscience of the West.” HTR 56 (1963):199-215.

Thiselton, A. C. Hermeneutic: An Introduction. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2009.

Thiselton, A. C. Interpreting God and the Postmodern Self. Edinburg: T & T Clark, 1995.

Vanhoozer, K. J. First Theology. Downers Grove: IVP, 2002.

Witherington III, Ben. “Christ,” DPL. Downers Grove: IVP, 1993.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 The New Perspective in Theology and Religious Studies

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.